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Mannitol is used during dialysis to:
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding the conductivity of dialysate?
The expected Kt/V of a patient whose treatment time is 4 hours, fluid volume is 40L, and dialyzer clearance is 250 ml/min is:
The blood compartment pressure in a dialyzer is 250mmHg and the TMP is 325mmHg. The dialysate pressure is:
A dialyzer with a higher KoA is needed when the blood flow rate increases and the level of urea is measured at the dialyzer outlet:
Dialysis machine drains require:
The most effective way to increase ultrafiltration during hemodialysis is by increasing the:
The transmembrane pressure has been gradually increasing over the last hour of treatment. The practitioner suspects a clotted dialyzer. The first action the practitioner should take is:
During dialysis the air detector alarms, and foam is visible in the venous line. The immediate action of the practitioner should be to:
A patient is taking digoxin 0.125mg every day. An order is given to place the patient on 3.0 mEq/L potassium bath. The rationale for this dialysate prescription is:
A patient is gaining greater than 3 kgs of fluid between treatments. To help control the patient’s weight gains the best suggestion by the practitioner would be to:
If a small amount of air is detected in the venous line, the air detector monitoring device should simultaneously perform which of the following functions?
As you are returning blood to a patient at a slow rate at the end of dialysis, you notice that the venous chamber has emptied and that the venous line has filled with air. Your FIRST response should be to:
Which one of the following modalities would be MOST effective for an ESRD patient requiring immediate treatment after taking an overdose of potassium?
The MOST COMMON cause(s) of death among hemodialysis patients is (are):
In selecting a dialyzer for a hemodialysis patient, which of the following is/are LEAST important?
Hyperkalemia is a severe complication for patients on hemodialysis because it can produce:
The dextrose concentration of dialysate does not add to the total ionic content because it:
The primary function of a proportioning pump in a dialysis delivery system is to:
Which of the following descriptions best describes diffusion?
To prevent hemolysis, the thermal sensor and regulator of the dialysate delivery system should be maintained to keep the dialysate within what temperature range?
A patient complains of excruciating pain at the site of the venous needle when dialysis is begun with a re-used dialyzer. Your FIRST response should be to:
A practitioner notices that a patient’s blood has turned very dark. He/she draws samples from the arterial and venous lines and a peripheral vein in order to:
Conductivity meters all function on the ability to:
A hemodialysis patient who has volume-dependent hypertension will generally be able to control his blood pressure by:
In response to a high temperature alarm, your first action should be to:
In hemodialysis, the most commonly used volume expander is 0.9%NaCl. If this solution has the same effective osmolality as body fluids, it is called:
Hemodialysis is accomplished by which combination of processes?
In the expression Kt/V, the “K” stands for:
The association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Standards recommend that dialysate pH be kept above 6.0 because:
Adaptation can be described as:
A behavior which would indicate adaptation to ESRD might be:
The patient with chronic renal disease is told he must go on hemodialysis because his disease cannot be cured. What coping mechanism is the patient most likely to use initially?
Grief is an expected phase in the process of adaptation to chronic renal failure. This is primarily due to:
A generalized state of discomfort, uncertainty, or fear stemming from an actual or potential threat to physiological and psychological well-being is:
The extent to which a person’s behavior coincides with health advice is called:
In the first year following transplant, the MOST frequent cause of death is:
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration or hemodialysis CAVD/D:
Toxic products that accumulate in the body as a result of decreased kidney function are:
The dialysis technician has noticed that a maintenance person who is working around the unit has an open cut on one hand. The technician should:
The JCAHO requires that dialysis personnel review which of the following annually:
A patient complains to you that during his most recent dialysis he underwent a great deal of pain due to your new co-worker’s venipuncture technique. Your most constructive response to this patient would be to:
The conservative management of a patient with chronic renal failure involves:
The technician’s role is:
The primary criterion for selecting a continuing education program is the:
Which one of the following is NOT essential to the successful completion of a research project?
The professional organization for dialysis technicians is:
Which of the following statements is correct about abbreviating?
On which part of the chest is the heel of the hand placed in order to perform chest compressions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?